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Chinese Science Academy's Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics

( ) 2013-07-05

Chinese Science Academy's Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics

The Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, a branch of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, was established in the late 1950s as a State-run institute for scientific research in non-power nuclear technology. Its focus is on basic research, applied research and cross-disciplinary research on nuclear technology and industrial applications of nuclear research. Thanks to its more than 30 years of experience, it has considerable technological strengths, especially in special meters and instruments, radiation material modification and radiation devices, and radioactive isotope technology, with advanced products The institute specializes in research on advanced light sources and beams and advanced ion beam science and technology, nuclear physics and cross-disciplinary areas, and applications of nuclear science and technology. Its main direction is research on the science and technology of advanced light sources and beams, the science and technology of advanced ion beams, experiment and theoretical nuclear physics, cross-disciplinary nuclear technology and nanotechnology, radioactive medicines, radioactive modified new materials, applied accelerators, and advanced detection technology.

It is a Chinese Science Academy pilot for knowledge innovation experiments and employs more than 500 people, two of whom are members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and more than 30 who are doctoral tutors. It has six research institutes for basic research -- units No.1 and 2 for accelerators (a key Shanghai lab for low-temperature superconductivity high-frequency), a unit for synchrotron radiation, one for nuclear analysis technology (a key nuclear analysis technology lab of the Chinese Academy of Sciences), one for nuclear physics, and one for nano-bio-medicines. It also has five units for applied research -- a center for radioactive medicine, a center for radiation technology applications, a center for applied accelerators, a center for advanced detection technology, and a center for new technology. The Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Device Engineering Command is in charge of research on the prefabrication of synchrotron radiation devices. The institute also has two parks -- Jiading Park on about 26.67 hectares of land, 90,000 sq m for housing, and Zhangjiang Park, in the Pudong area, which covers 30 hectares of land, to be used for mega-science projects. The institute has three stations for doctoral students, three for post-grads specializing in particle physics, nuclear physics, nuclear technology and applications, and inorganic chemistry, and one post-doc station for physics students.

China resumed its post-grad courses in 1978 and, from that time to September 2003, the institute educated 175 master's degree students and 73 PhDs. It now has 97 post-grads, 74 doctoral students and three jointly-trained doctoral students. It has state-of-the-art instruments and equipments, such as a mini cyclotron-based accelerator mass spectrometer, scanning electronic microscope, scanning tunneling microscope with atom-class resolution, atomic force microscope, plasma mass spectrometer, a 4-MV electrostatic accelerator, scanning proton microprobe, a 2×6 MV tandem accelerator, XF-30 cyclotron accelerator, dynamitron accelerator, and twin-grid cobalt source. Its lab is equipped with advanced tools for nuclear analysis, nuclear physics, radioactive chemistry, radiation chemistry, analytical chemistry, and accelerator engineering. While working on engineering prefabrication for the Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Devices, the institute built equipment or labs for magnet and power source, high-frequency, super-high vacuum, and injection and extraction systems, beam loss monitoring, alignment measuring, data gathering, automatic control, line and station physics, line and station engineering, line and station optics, and line and station control.

It is currently handling many major research projects, including preliminary research on a national mega-science project, the 973 project, the 863 project, National Natural Science Foundation projects, major Chinese Science Academy projects, and Shanghai projects. These include preliminary research on the phase-II Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Devices Project (R&D in high-performance linear accelerator), radioactive nuclear-beam physics, nuclear astrophysics, deep ultraviolet free electronic laser, rich-star international joint research, x-ray micro-beam optic beam line-station construction, Shanghai lab for low-temperature superconductive high-frequency cavity technology construction, R&D in multi-purpose experimental devices for multi-function t-ray, smoke-desulfurization super-power electronic accelerator R&D, key technologies for nuclear technology applications, mechanisms and related effects of micro-beam transmission in clusters, applications of advanced nuclear analysis technology in environmental science, DNA single-molecule manipulation, a pico-second laser flash photolysis absorption spectrum device, micro mechanisms of super-fast nucleic acid electric transmission, radioactive medicines used for tumor and cranial nervous system diseases, molecular assembly of nano-structure medicines, radiation modification of natural polymer materials, and ion migration spectrometer (trace element detection).

International cooperation and academic exchanges are very important for research work and the institute has cooperation agreements with Japan's Spring-8 and Italy's Electtra . It also has wide-ranging, far-reaching relations with synchrotron radiation labs in the United States, Europe, and Japan for the Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Devices mega-science project. The institute's research unit of nuclear physics has a long-term cooperation relationship with a rich-star project unit at the US's Brookhaven National Lab. Its research unit for nuclear analysis technology has also had some excellent preliminary cooperation with labs in Germany and Belgium in cross-disciplinary endeavors.

Address: 2019 Jialuo Highway, Jiading district, Shanghai

Mailbox: 800-204 Shanghai

Tel: 021-5955-3330, 5955-3021





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